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NUR 1050

Introduction to Professional Nursing

APA Style


Quick Citation Guide [INFOGRAPHIC]

Quick Citation Guide: APA Style 

Journal Articles 

Last-name, F. M. (year). Article title: Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(issue), page range.

Last-name, F. M., Last-name, F. M., & Last-name, F. M. (Year). Article title: Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(issue), page range. 


Smith, J. M. (2020). Bridging the gap: Teaching citations to college students. Journal of Higher Education, 34(5), 67-89. 

Poole, A., Jones, B. B., & Johnson, C. (2020). Citing sources: Working together to share knowledge. Journal of Knowledge, 7(3), 79-92.


Last-name, F. M. (Year). Book title: Subtitle. Publisher.

Last-name, F. M., & Last-name, F. M. (Year). Book title: Subtitle. Publisher. 


Potter, A. (2019). Finding information: A guide. Hawk Press.

Miller, A., & Baker, F. (2007). College: A history. Lake University Press.

Book Chapters

Last-name. F. M. (Year). Title of chapter. In F. Last-name, F. Last-name, & F. Last-name (Eds.), Book title: Subtitle (page range). Publisher. 


Christie, A. (2013). Solving crime: Methods and procedures. In S. Holmes, J. Watson, & S. Baker (Eds.), How to solve mysteries: The complete guide (pp. 112-145). Johnson & Company.


Last-name, F. M. (Year, Month Day). Title of page. Site name. URL


Green, B. G. (2017, March 24). Training cats as service animals. Medium.


(Last name, Year, page number) 

(Last name & Last name, Year, page number) 

(Last name, Last name, & Last name, Year, page number) 

(Last name et al., year, page number) 


(Smith, 2020, p. 80) 

(Miller & Baker, 2007, p. 30-31) 

(Poole, Jones, & Johnson, 2020, p. 88)

(Poole et al., 2020, p. 88) 

Frequently Asked Questions 

What is a DOI? 

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is a unique string of characters used to identify a specific object (such as a journal article). It works like a barcode or URL. 

I can’t find a DOI. What should I use instead? 

If your journal article does not have a DOI, your citation is usually finished. If the journal article is from a website (not a research database), include a URL.

*Note: Previous editions of APA Style required articles without DOIs to include Retrieved from [journal home page URL] 

My eBook or book chapter has a DOI. Should I include it? 

Include the DOI for your eBook or book chapter if it has one. If there is not a DOI, do not include other information (ISBN, database name, or URL). 

Which in-text citation style should I use when citing a source that has multiple authors? 

Use (Name, Name, & Name, Year) the first time you cite the source. Use (Name et al., Year) for any citations after that. 

Do I need to use page numbers for all in-text citations? 

Use page numbers to cite any quotes. If you are paraphrasing, APA does not require the page number (check with your instructor for preference). 

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