Purpose: briefly identifies the work you are quoting or paraphrasing, with a corresponding full citation in the reference list so readers can find your sources. Include in-text citations whenever you:
Paraphrase (summarize ideas from a source)
Directly quote from a source
Refer to data or adapt a table, figure, or image from the source
In-Text Citations should:
Include the author’s name and the year of publication
Include a page number if using a direct quotation; after the year, place a comma and "p" (no period) before the page number.
Appear immediately after the relevant section (not necessarily at the end of a long clause or sentence)
Always come before punctuation marks
Professors want students to cite their sources when writing research papers (Smith 2020).
Smith (2020) argues that students should cite their sources when completing research assignments.
Professors (Title 2020) may not know where to start when teaching students how to cite sources.
A recent study (Lee and Wong 2018) shows that students who write CSE style papers with good reference lists receive better grades.
Three or More Authors:
One study (Smith et al. 2020) found...
Last-Name First-Initial. Year Month Day. Title of article. Journal Abbreviation Volume# (Issue): page range.
Last-Name First-Initial. Year Month. Title of article. Magazine Title: page range.
Last-Name First-Initial. Year Month Day. Title of article. Newspaper Title; Sect #: page#.
Last-Name First-Initial. Year. Title of book (Edition ed.). Place of Publication: Publisher; Number of Pages p.
Last-Name First-Initial., Last-Name First-Initial, editors. Year. Title of book. Place of Publication: Publisher; Number of Pages p.
Last-Name First-Initial. Year. Title of chapter. In: Last-name First-Initial, Last-name First Initial, editors. Title of book. Edition. Place of Publication: Publisher. p page-range.
Author [such as Last-Name First-Initial. OR Agency/Organization Name]; Title of Webpage [Internet]. Place of Publication: Publisher; Year Month Day; Available from: URL