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CSE Quick Citation Guide

Citation Sequence and Citation Name In Text References (pp.550-551;554--555)

In-text references should immediately follow the title, word, or phrase to which they are directly relevant, rather than appearing at the end of long clauses or sentences. In-text references should always precede punctuation marks.

Citation-Sequence (C-S) System (end references are listed in the order they are referred to in the text).

‚ÄčIn text example: Modern scientific nomenclature really began with Linnaeus in botany1, but other disciplines2,3 were not many years behind in developing various systems4-7 for nomenclature and symbolization.

Citation-Name (C-N) System (end references are listed in alphabetic order).

In text example: Modern scientific nomenclature really began with Linnaeus in botany4, but other disciplines1,5 were not many years behind in developing various systems2-3,6,10 for nomenclature and symbolization.

Books (pp. 592-600)

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the CSE 8th Edition manual.

General Format

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name References:

Author(s). Title. Edition. Place of publication: publisher; date. Extent. Notes.

Example

Citation-sequence and Citation-Name References:

           Schott J.  Leading antenatal classes: a practical guide. 2nd ed. Boston (MA): Books for Midwives; 2002.

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the CSE 8th Edition manual.

General Format

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name References:

Author(s), Author(s). Title. Edition. Place of publication: publisher; date. Extent. Notes.

Example

Citation-Sequence and Citation- References:

            Schott J, Priest J. Leading antenatal classes: a practical guide. 2nd ed. Boston (MA): Books for Midwives, 2002.

Tips:

  • List authors, in order, as they appear in the text
  • List all authors, including the 10th author. If there are more than ten authors, list the 1st author followed by “et al.” or “and others”

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the CSE 8th Edition manual.

General Format

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name Year References:

Author(s), editor. Title. Edition. Place of publication: publisher; date. Extent. Notes.

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name References:

            Schott J, editor. Leading antenatal classes: a practical guide. 2nd ed. Boston (MA): Books for Midwives, 2002. 

Tips:

  • If an author is listed, listing the secondary author (i.e. editor) is optional. 

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the CSE 8th Edition manual.

General Format

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name References:

           Author(s). Title. Edition. Place of publication: publisher; date. Extent. Name of part, Chapter title; page #.

           Author(s). Chapter title. In: Author(s). Title. Edition. Place of publication: publisher; date. Extent.

Example

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name References:

            Shakelford RT. Surgery of the alimentary tract. Philadelphia (PA): W.B. Saunder; 1978. Chapter 2, Esophagoscopy; p. 29-40. 

Kuret JA, Murad F.  Adenohypophyseal hormones and related substances. In: Gilman AG, Rall TW, Nies AS, Taylor P, editors. The pharmacological basis of therapeutics. 8th ed. New York: Pergamon, 2002. p 1334-60.

Journals (pp. 582-592)

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the CSE 8th Edition manual.

General Format

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name References:

Author(s). Article title. Journal title. Date;Volume(issue):location.

Example

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name References:

Mazan MR. Effects of aerosolized albuterol on physiologic responses to exercise in standardbreds. Am J Vet Res. 2003;  62(11):1812–1817

Tips:

  • Abbreviate journal titles (see pp. 642-645) 

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the CSE 8th Edition manual.

General Format

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name References:

Author(s). Article title. Journal title. Date;Volume(issue):location.

Example

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name References:

Mazan MR, Hoffman AM. 2001. Effects of aerosolized albuterol on physiologic responses to exercise in standardbreds. Am J Vet Res. 2001;62(11):1812–1817.

Tips:

  • List all authors up to 10 in the citation (p 552)

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the CSE 8th Edition manual.

General Format

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name References:

Author(s). Article title. Journal title. Date;Volume(issue):location.

Example

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name References:

Weiss R.  Study shows problems in cloning people: researchers find replicating primates will be harder than other mammals. Washington Post (Home Ed.). 2003 Apr 11. Sect. A:12 (col. 1).

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the CSE 8th Edition manual.

General Format

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name References – Conference Proceedings

Author(s). Book title. Number and Name of Conference; date of conference; place of conference. Place of publication: publisher; date. Extent. Notes

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name References – Conference Paper

Author(s) of paper. Paper title. In: Editor(s). Book title. Number and Name of Conference; date of conference; place of conference. Place of publication: publisher; date. Location. Notes

Example

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name References:

Conference Proceedings

Antonioli GE, editor.  Pacemaker leads 1997. Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Pacemaker Leads; 1997 Sep 11-13; Ferrara, Italy. Bologna (Italy): Monducci Editore; c1997.

Conference Paper

Lee DJ, Drowey C, Xu X, Antani S.  An imaging system correlating lip shapes with tongue contact patterns for speech pathology research. In: Krol M, Mitra S, Lee DJ, editors. CBMS 2003. Proceedings of the 16th IEEE Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems; New York. Los Alamitos (CA): IEEE Computer Society; c2003. p. 307-313. 

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the CSE 8th Edition manual.

General Format

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name References:

Author(s). Title of report. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher; date. Extent. Report No.: Notes.

Example

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name References:

Feller BA. Health characteristics of persons with chronic activity limitation, United States, 1979. Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 1981. Report No.: VHS-SER-10/137. Available from: NTIS, Springfield, VA; PB88-228622.

Websites and other online formats (pp. 627-637)

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the CSE 8th Edition manual.

General Format

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name References:

Title of Homepage.  Edition. Place of publication: publisher; date of publication. [date updated; date accessed]. Notes.

Example

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name References:

APSnet: plant pathology online. St Paul (MN): American Phytopathological Association; c1994-2005. [accessed 2005 Jun 20]. Notes. 

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the CSE 8th Edition manual.

General Format

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name References

Author(s) of article.  Title of article. Title of journal (edition). Date of publication [date updated; date accessed];volume(issue):location. Notes.

Example

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name References:

Savage E, Ramsay M, White J, Beard S, Lawson H, Hunjan R, Brown D. Mumps outbreaks across England and Wales in 2004: observational study. BMJ. 2005. [accessed 2005 May 31];330(7500):1119–1120. http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/reprint/330/7500/1119. doi:10.1136/bmj.330.7500.1119.

Tips:

  • A DOI (Digital Object Identifier) may be included in the notes in addition to a URL, if available:

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the CSE 8th Edition manual.

General Format

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name References:

Author(s). Title of book. Edition. Place of publication: publisher; Date of publication. [date updated; date accessed]. Notes.

Example

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name References:

Brogden KA, Guthmille JM, editors. Polymicrobial diseases. Washington (DC): ASM Press; 2002. [accessed February 28, 2014]. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK2475/.

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the CSE 8th Edition manual.

General Format

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name References:

Author’s name. Title of post [descriptive word]. Title of blog. [accessed date]. URL.

Example

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name References:

Fogarty M. Formatting titles on Twitter and Facebook [blog]. Grammar Girl: Quick and Dirty Tips for Better Writing. [accessed 2012 Oct 19]. http://grammar.quickanddirtytips.com/formatting-titles-on-twitter-and-facebook.aspx.