MLA (Modern Language Association) Style, based on the 8th edition (2016) of the MLA Handbook. MLA style is widely used in the humanities, especially in writing on language and literature. You can find the answers to common questions on the MLA Style Center website.
Every CSM Library has copies of the MLA Handbook, Call Number LB 2369 .G53 2016.
More MLA Style help:
From a print journal
Lastname, Firstname. “Title of the Article.” Title of Journal, volume, issue, Year, page-page.
Baird, Lisa A. "Susan Sontag and Diane Arbus: The Siamese Twins of Photographic Art." Women's Studies, vol. 37, no. 8, Fall 2008, pp. 971-86.
From an electronic database
Lastname, Firstname. “Title of the Article.” Title of Journal, volume, issue, Year, page-page. Database Name, URL. or if available doi: .
Alworth, David. "Henry James, Fredric Jameson, and the Social Art of Sculpture." The Henry James Review, vol. 36, no. 3, Fall 2015, pp. 212-225. ProQuest Central, https://search.proquest.com/docview/1760327830?accountid=10274.
Lopresti, John W. and Kevin J. Mumford. "Who Benefits from a Minimum Wage Increase?" ILR Review, vol. 69, no. 5, Oct. 2016, pp. 1171-1190. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1177/0019793916653595.
From an online scholarly journal
Lastname, Firstname. “Title of the Article.” Title of Journal, volume, issue, Year. URL. Day, Mo. Year of Access.
Martin, David C. "It’s Not My Party: A Critical Analysis of Women and Minority Opposition towards STEM." Critical Questions in Education, vol. 7, no. 2, Summer 2016. https://academyforeducationalstudies.org/journals/journal/current-and-past-issues/volume-7-issue-2/. Accessed 15 June 2017.
Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Publisher Name, Year of Publication.
Arnold, Dana. Art History: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press, 2004.
Editors / More than one author
Lastname, Firstname, and Firstname Lastname. Title of Book. Publisher Name, Year of Publication.
Larson, Barbara, and Fae Brauer, eds. The Art of Evolution: Darwin, Darwinism, and Visual Culture. Dartmouth College Press, 2009.
Note: For a source with more than two authors, list all author names or follow the first with the phrase "et al."; if listing all names, invert the first name, but list the remaining names Firstname Lastname. For books with an editor/editors, put "ed." (for one) or "eds." (for more than one) following a comma after the author's name and before the title.
Essay, article, or chapter in a book
Lastname, Firstname of chapter author. "Title of essay, article, or chapter." Title of Book. Firstname Lastname of Book author or editor. Publisher Name, Year of Publication, Page-Page.
West, Shearer. "The New Woman and Feminist Fictions." The Cambridge Companion to the Fin de Siecle edited by Gail Marshall. Cambridge University Press, 2007, pp. 24-36.
Note: When citing an essay, article, or chapter in an edited collection or anthology, the author of the essay, article, or chapter is listed first. The editor(s) are listed before the publication information, in the form of Firstname Lastname.
Edition other than the first
Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. nth ed. Publisher Name, Year of Publication.
Kliener, Fred S., and Christin J. Mamiya. Gardener's Art Through the Ages. 12th ed. Thomas/Wadworth, 2005.
Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher Name, Year of Publication. Name of Database.
Martin, Mickey, et al. Medical Marijuana 101. Quick American Archives, 2011. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=e000xna&AN=683258&site=ehost-live.
Entire web site
Entire web site
Lastname, Firstname. Name of Site. Version Number. Sponser or Publisher, Day, Mo. Year of Creation. Day, Mo. Year of Access.
The Getty. J. Paul Getty Trust, 2017, http://www.getty.edu/. Accessed 13 May 2017.
Page on a web site
Lastname, Firstname. "Name of Web Page." Name of Site. Version Number. Sponser or Publisher, Day, Mo. Year of Creation. Day, Mo. Year of Access.
Duffy, Shelby. "What Happens When You Don’t Find Your Place in College?" College Magazine, 25 September 2017, https://www.collegemagazine.com/dont-find-place-college-placelessness/#. Accessed 28 September 2017.
"United Nations Security Council Members." United Nations, 2017, http://www.un.org/en/sc/members/. Accessed 3 August 2017.
Note: If author name or version number is not available, omit those parts.
According to Lisa Baird, Susan Sontag and Diane Arbus had similar photographic styles (Baird 979).
(Lopresti and Mumford 1182)
Three or more authors
Follow the form used in the list of works cited. Write out all the authors’ names or abbreviate with “et al.”: (Smith, Jones, Hanover and Riley 62) or (Smith et al. 62)
Include the volume number followed by a colon before the page numbers: (Johnston 4: 115)
Work listed by title, no known author
Use the first part of the title in place of an author: ("Capitol Punishment" 212)