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Geography Library Guide: Annotated Bibliography in APA format (examples)

Research Guidance

Purdue Online Writing Lab is a respected resource in the use of the APA format to create an annotated bibliography.


Annotated Bibliography Header Golden color


A bibliography is a list of materials (books, articles, web sites etc.) on a particular topic, organized alphabetically, that are referred to in a scholarly work (like your paper).   The standard bibliography includes the citation information of the materials: author(s), date of publication, title, and publisher’s information, as well as other information depending on the type of source.  Each citation style (MLA, APA, etc..) determines what information is included and in what format it should  be written.An annotated bibliography takes a bibliography or citation list and adds a paragraph or more that describes, summarizes and evaluates each work.  It is designed to give an account of the research that has been done on a given topic. Remember, the purpose is to not write an abstract, which purely summarizes the materials, but to annotate by offering both descriptive and critical analysis of the source.  It should expose the author's point of view, clarity and appropriateness of expression, and authority.  There are 4 general types of Annotated Bibliographies: Descriptive, Evaluative, Informative, and Combination.

4 types of annotated Bibliographies Info-Graphic: screen readers see transcripts box