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MLA Quick Citation Guide

Works Cited Guidelines

Purpose: provides a list of all of the sources you cited in your writing, so that others can find the same information. 

Works Cited entries should include: 
  • Core Elements (facts common to most works)

    • Author

    • Title of Source 

  • Containers (information about the larger whole that contains the source, such as the journal, anthology, book, or website) 

    • Title of Container (Journal, Anthology, Book, Website, etc.) 

    • Contributor (Editors, Translators, etc.) 

    • Version (Volume or Edition) 

    • Number (Issue) 

    • Publisher 

    • Publication Date 

    • Location (name of the database, DOI, URL, page range, etc.) 

Formatting the Works Cited: 
  • Start on a new page. 

  • Center the title (Works Cited). Do not bold, italicize, or underline. 

  • Double-spaced. 

  • Hanging indent (the first line of each entry lines up on the left; if the entry is longer than one line, additional lines are indented) 

  • Alphabetical by the first word in the citation (usually author’s last name; if there is no author, this is usually the first word of the title). 

  • Title and Subtitles:

    • Capitalize all words except for articles (the, a, an), prepositions (at, by, in, of, on, with), and conjunctions (and, or, but). 

    • Italicize titles of full works (books, journals, websites, films, etc.) 

    • Use quotation marks for titles of parts of works (articles, chapters, short stories, essays, poems, web pages, etc.). 

  • Dates: abbreviate months to three letters. 

    • Oct. 

  • For author names, use: 

    • Last-name, First-name. 

      • Smith, John. 

  • URLs: 

    • Do not include the http://www. portion of the link. 

    • If a DOI is available, always use that rather than the URL. 

    • Use the permalink (shortened, stable version of the URL) if the source has one. You can often find permalinks under “share” or “cite this” options. 

  • Punctuation: 

    • Use a period (.) after: 

      • Author. 

      • Title of Source. 

      • Page range. 

      • URL. 

      • Access date. 

    • Use a comma (,) after: 

      • Title of Container (journal, anthology, book, website, etc.), 

      • Contributor (Editors), 

      • Version (Volume or Edition), 

      • Number (Issue), 

      • Publisher, 

      • Publication Date,

Works Cited Entries

Journal Articles: 

  • Last-name, First-name. “Title of Article: Subtitle of article.” Journal Title, vol. #, no. #, Date of Publication, pp. Page Range. Name of Database, DOI or URL. 

Magazine Articles: 

  • Last-name, First-name. “Title of Article.” Title of Magazine, Day Month Year, pp. Page Range. 

Newspaper Articles: 

  • Last-name, First-name. “Title of Article.” Title of Newspaper, edition, Day Month Year, p. Page #. 

Newspaper Articles (local or lesser-known publications): 

  • Last-name, First-name. “Title of Article.” Title of Newspaper [City, State], Day Month Year, p. Page #. 

Books by authors: 

  • Last-name, First-name. Title of Book. Publisher, Year. 

Books with unknown authors: 

  • Title of Book. Publisher, Year. 

Books with translators: 

  • Last-name, First-name. Title of Book. Translated by First-name Last-name, Publisher, Year. 

Books with editors: 

  • Last-name, First-name, editor. Title of Book. Publisher, Year. 

Books with authors, translators, and editors: 

  • Last-name, First-name. Title of Book. Translated by First-name Last-name, edited by First-name Last-name, Publisher, Year. 

Editions of books (beyond first edition): 

  • Last-name, First-name. Title of Book. #th ed., Publisher, Year. 

Book chapters (from edited collections/books): 

  • Last-name, First-name. “Title of Chapter/Essay/Short Story.” Title of Book, edited by First-name Last-name, Publisher, Year, pp. Page Range. 

Webpage/Article on a Website: 

  • Last-name, First-name. “Title of Webpage/Article.” Title of Website, Day Month Year, URL.