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RDG 0800 Analytic Reading and Reasoning: It's Your Library!

General Guide to Library Resources

College of Southern Maryland Library

The Library Homepage

Visit the Library's homepage for a full listing of databases and services. 

There is a link to the Library on every CSM web page! 

Starting Your Research

Take a minute to think about what you want to research and the resources you want to search.

Use this Search Strategy Worksheet to keep track of your topic, keywords, and resources. 

It is normal to revise your topic and keywords based on your initial findings. Here is an example of how to use the worksheet

Speaking Database With Keywords

Databases are not like Google! You can’t type in a whole question and expect good results. That's because databases don't have a super smart search interface like Google.

So, to “speak” database, we have to use keywords.

What Are Keywords?

Keywords are the main concepts of your search topic put into single words or short phrases. 

Before you begin any search, brainstorm a list of keywords that describe your topic.  Identify the main concepts, use a thesaurus, dictionary, or reference source to figure out synonyms, more general and more specific terms related to your main concepts.

       Consider synonyms: teenagers, adolescents

       Consider spelling and word variations: ageing, aging   

        Consider broader or narrower terms: parents vs. mothers

This makes sure you find as much of the relevant information on your topic as possible.

Depending on what kind of information you are looking for you may need to use different combinations of keywords, or define phrases with quotation marks when you search databases.

AND narrows your search to results that contain both keywords:
         teenagers AND depression 
         "assistive robots" AND healthcare
OR expands your search results to include items that contain either keyword:
         dreams OR memories
NOT narrows your search to include the first keyword but not the second:
         depression NOT phobias

How Many?

How many keywords should you use when searching?

A good rule of thumb is to combine 2-3 of your keywords when performing a search.

Any more, and you may get very limited (or no) results. Any fewer and you may get too many results to easily sort through.

Background Information to Start Your Research

The professor approved alternative to Wikipedia.

Credo Reference (on-campus only) provides access to 3,457,271 full text articles in 832 reference books from 109 publishers. Credo believes that everyone deserves the ability to learn and the opportunity to succeed. Credo promotes knowledge building, problem solving and critical thinking to give people the information skills necessary for success throughout their academic, professional and personal lives.