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Fake News vs. Real News: Fake News vs. Real News

Fake News

Many Americans Believe Fake News Causes Confusion

The Pew Research Center reports that about two-in-three U.S. adults (64%) say fabricated news stories cause a great deal of confusion about the basic facts of current issues and events.

Surprisingly, nearly a quarter of Americans say they have shared fake political news online knowingly or unknowingly.

Read or download the full report at the Pew Research Center for Journalism & Media.

Stanford History Education Group Study

Evidence from a 2016 study by the Stanford History Education Group indicates "digital natives" are easily duped when evaluating credible information on the internet. See the Executive Summary.

How to Spot Fake News from

How to Recognize A Fake News Story

The Huffington Post 11/27/2016

What Makes A News Story Fake?

Used with permission from "Fake News," University of Indiana East Library.

Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2017

NEW RESEARCH! The sixth annual report explores the changing environment around news across countries. Key findings include:

  • Only a quarter (24%) of respondents think social media do a good job in separating fact from fiction, compared to 40% for the news media. Qualitative data suggest that users feel the combination of a lack of rules and viral algorithms are encouraging low quality and ‘fake news’ to spread quickly.
  • There are wide variations in trust across the 36 countries in the sample. The proportion that says they trust the news is highest in Finland (62%), but lowest in Greece and South Korea (23%).
  • In most countries, a strong connection between distrust in the media and perceived political bias was found. This is particularly true in countries with high levels of political polarization like the United States, Italy, and Hungary.
  • Almost a third of the sample (29%) say they often or sometimes avoid the news. For many, this is because it can have a negative effect on mood. For others, it is because they can’t rely on news to be true.

News Literacy Education

"The Smell Test: In the era of fake news, Librarians are our best hope" by Linda Jacobson, School Library Journal. Jan2017, Vol. 63 Issue 1, p24-28. 

News Literacy Project is a nonpartisan national education nonprofit that works with educators and journalists to teach middle school and high school students how to sort fact from fiction in the digital age.

Center for News Literacy at Stoney Brook University School of Journalism. 


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