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Research 411: Citation Tools

Use this guide to start and organize a research assignment

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Citation Tools

Commonly Cited Sources MLA

Journal Article (MLA)

Lastname, Firstname. “Title of the Article.” Title of Journal Volume.Issue (Year): page-page. Database name. Medium of Publication. Day, Mo. Year of Access.

Reeve, Charles. "Andy Warhol's Death's and the Assembly Line Autobiography." Biography: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly 34.4 (2011): 657-75. Academic Search Premier. Web. 13, Feb. 2013.


Book (MLA)

Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher Name, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.

Arnold, Dana. Art History: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Print.


Website (MLA)

Lastname, Firstname. Name of Site. Version Number. Sponser or Publisher, Day, Mo. Year of Creation. Medium of Publication. Day, Mo. Year of Access.

The Getty. J. Paul Getty Trust, n.d. Web. 13, Feb. 2013.

Commonly Cited Sources APA

Journal Article (APA)

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author C. C. (Year of Publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), page-page. Retrieved from

Zawacki-Richter, O., Baecker, E., & Hanft, A. (2010). Validation of competencies in e-portfolios: A qulalitative analysis. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 12(1), 42-60. Retrieved from


Book (APA)

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Subtitle of work. City, State: Publisher.

Arnold, D. (2004). Art history: A very short introduction. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.


Website (APA)

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day of publication). Title of web page. Retrieved from http://web address

Clark, L. (2000, November 11). The lost Inca empire. Retrieved from


Website are often missing pieces of information needed to create a citiation. Check out this handy guide from APA on how to cite web sources with missing information.